Creektee Cafe – Coffee (don’t spill the beans!)

Coffee grows on small tropical, evergreen trees which can grow to a height of up to 16 feet. This is too tall for easy harvesting so they are normally cut down to 5 to 7 feet.

The coffee beans are actually not a bean at all but rather a seed. When dried and processed it is used to brew our coffee. Its growing habits are similar to that of a fruit tree. The coffee tree produces blossoms and its fruit has the appearance of a cherry.

There are two main types of coffee beans that dominate the market , Robusta and Arabica.

Robusta Beans
The seeds for Robusta coffee are from the Coffea canephora plant. The plant requires a tropical climate, warm temperatures, lots of sun and water and no frost.

It is mainly grown in Africa and Indonesia with the largest producer being Vietnam. An acre of land can accomodate 450 seedlings, spacing the pants 10 feet apart.

The blossoms are white and smell like jasmine. It takes about 6 to 8 months for the fruit to ripen and the seeds turn deep red as it ripens.

Robusta coffee has a bitter, peanutty taste. It is the second most popular coffee on the world market. The beans contain more caffiene and less sugar than Arabica beans. This gives the coffee a stronger taste and makes it popular for instant coffee and espresso.

Arabica Beans.

The most popular coffee is Arabica. It is believed to be the first coffee cultivated and it makes up over 60% of coffee production. It is produced from the Coffea arabica plant. These plants prefer a subtropical cimate with temperatures of 15-24 degrees celsious and shaded locations.

It is believed that the beans first originated in Ethopia where they were being mixed with fat and eaten by tribesmen, Once the beans arrived in Arabia “coffee” was born.

Arabica grows best in climates surrounding the equator such as Equador, Costa Rica and Brazil.

Arabic coffee has a higher sugar content than Robusta and has a smoother taste. Its flavor has a hint of floral/fruity overtones.


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